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Holidays / Jours Fériés
Flags, Flowers and Emblems / Drapeaux, Fleurs & Emblèmes
Famous Firsts

Holidays in CanadaJours Fériés au Canada
  • New Year's Day: January 1st [Canada]
  • Janvier
  • Jour de l'An: 1er Janvier [Canada]
  • February
  • Family Day: Third Monday of February [Alberta, Saskatchewan & Ontario]
  • National Flag Day: February 15 [Canada]
  • Février
  • Fête de la Famille: 3e lundi de Février [Alberta, Saskatchewan & Ontario]
  • Jour du drapeau national du Canada: 15 Février [Canada]
  • March
  • St. Patrick's Day: Nearest Monday to March 17 [Newfoundland]
  • Good Friday: Changes yearly (2008 - March 21) [Canada]
  • Mars
  • Fête de Saint-Patrick: lundi le plus près du 17 Mars [Terre-Neuve]
  • Vendredi saint: variable à chaque année (2008 - 21 Mars) [Canada]
  • April
  • Easter Monday: Changes yearly (2008 - April 24) [Canada]
  • St. George's Day: Nearest Monday to April 23 [Newfoundland]
  • Avril
  • Lundi de Pâques: variable à chaque année (2008 - 24 Mars) [Canada]
  • Fête de Saint-Georges:  lundi le plus près du 23 Avril [Terre-Neuve]
  • May
  • Victoria Day: Monday prior to May 25 [Canada]
  • Mai
  • Fête de la Reine: lundi précédant le 25 Mai [Canada]
  • June
  • National Day: June 24 [Quebec]
  • Discovery Day: Nearest Monday to June 24 [Newfoundland]
  • Juin
  • Fête Nationale du Québec:  24 Juin [Québec]
  • Fête de la Découverte: lundi le plus près du 24 Juin [Terre-Neuve]
  • July
  • Regatta Day / Civic Holiday: ?? [Newfoundland]
  • Canada Day*: July 1st [Canada]
  • Memorial Day: Nearest Monday to July 1 [Newfoundland]
  • Orangemen's Day: Nearest Monday to July 12 [Newfoundland]
  • Juillet
  • Jour des Régates / Congé civique: variable [Terre-Neuve]
  • Fête du Canada *: 1er Juillet [Canada]
  • Jour du Souvenir: lundi le plus près du 1er juillet [Terre-Neuve]
  • Jour des Orangistes: lundi le plus près du 12 juillet [Terre-Neuve]
  • August
  • Civic Holiday: First Monday of August [Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, North-West Territories]
  • Natal Day: First Monday of August [Nova Scotia]
  • New Brunswick Day: First Monday of August [New Brunswick]
  • British Columbia Day: First Monday of August [British Columbia]
  • Natal Day: First Monday of August [Prince Edward Island]
  • Heritage Day: First Monday of August [Alberta]
  • Discovery Day: Third Monday of August [Yukon ]
  • Août
  • Congé civique: 1er lundi d'Août [Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Territoires du Nord-Ouest]
  • Jour de la Fondation: 1er lundi d'Août sauf à Halifax [Nouvelle-Écosse]
  • Fête du Nouveau-Brunswick: 1er lundi d'Août [Nouveau-Brunswick]
  • Fête de la Colombie-Britannique: 1er lundi d'Août [Colombie-Britannique]
  • Jour de la Fondation: 1er lundi d'Août [Île-du-Prince-Édouard]
  • Jour du Patrimoine: 1er lundi d'Août [Alberta]
  • Jour de la Découverte: 3e lundi d'Août [Yukon ]
  • September
  • Labour Day: First Monday of September [Canada]
  • Septembre
  • Fête du travail: 1er lundi de Septembre [Canada]
  • October
  • Thanksgiving Day: Second Monday of October [Canada]
  • Octobre
  • Action de grâces: 2e lundi d'Octobre [Canada]
  • November
  • Remembrance Day: November 11 [Canada]
  • Novembre
  • Jour du Souvenir: 11 Novembre [Canada]
  • December
  • Christmas: December 25 [Canada]
  • Boxing Day: December 26 [Canada]
  • Décembre
  • Noël: 25 Décembre [Canada]
  • Lendemain de Noël: 26 Décembre [Canada]

    Traduction française: Suzette Leclair

  • Trivia

    Canada has one of the lowest population densities in the world

    Of all of the provinces, Prince Edward Island has the highest population density

    90% of Canadians live within 350 km of the US / Canada border

    The "center" of Canada (geographic) is Eskimo Point, on the west coast of Hudson Bay

    Canada became a country on Monday, July 1st, 1867, and included the 4 provinces of Ontario, Québec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Manitoba entered in 1870, British Columbia in 1871, Prince Edward Island in 1873, Saskatchewan & Alberta in 1905, and Newfoundland in 1949. Yukon was created in 1898, the Northwest Territories in 1905, and Nunavut in 1999.

    Canada has the longest coastline of any country in the world (almost 244,000 km/151,600 m)

    92% of Canada is land, the rest is fresh water

    Canada is the 2nd largest country in the world

    Population of Canada (as of the 2001 census) is 30,007,04, over 75% of which live in urban areas

    7% of Canada is farmland

    Canada has about 7% of the total of the world's forests

    87% of this farmland is privately owned by family farmers

    75% of this farmland is located in Alberta, Manitoba & Saskatchewan

    Prince Edward Island is sometimes called "The Million-Acre Farm"

    Apples and potatoes are the most important fruit and vegetable grown in Canada

    Before 1940, the Canadian Army was called the Canadian Militia

    The "Atlantic Provinces" include Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island

    The "Maritime Provinces" include Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island

    The "Western Provinces" include Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia

    The "Prairie Provinces" include Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta

    Joan Miller, a native of British Columbia, was the first person to appear on the world's first TV show, Picture Page, on 2 Nov 1936

    The very first Canadian (maple leaf) flag was sewn by Joan O'Malley of Ottawa in 1964

    Canada has the most fresh water in the world, one-seventh of the world's fresh water, with Québec having the most fresh water in Canada

    The largest lake in Canada is Lake Superior

    The Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia has the highest tides in the world

    Baffin Island, part of the Northwest Territories, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the World

    Manitoulin Island in Ontario is the largest island in the world completely surrounded by fresh water

    Mackenzie River is the longest in Canada

    The Great Lakes are the largest group of lakes in the world

    German is the 3rd most common language in Canada (after English & French of course)

    In Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, you can find the largest fort in North America. It was built by the French in 1713, destroyed by the English in 1758 and has been under continuous reconstruction since 196.

    In Wawa, Ontario, you can find a 9 metre high sculpture of a goose in flight.

    In Bracebridge, Ontario, you can find Santa's Village (open year-round).

    Nearby is a Dinosaur Park with life-size models

    Montreal, Québec is the 2nd largest French city in the world.

    Point Pelee, Ontario is the southernmost tip of mainland Canada with the same geographical latitude as Northern California and Rome, Italy

    Hartland, New Brunswick has the world's longest covered bridge. The bridge crosses the Saint John River.

    Dryden, Ontario has the biggest moose in the world. This 18 foot steel & concrete bull moose "guards" the tourist bureau.

    Banff National Park, Alberta is the oldest national park

    Vegreville, Alberta features a giant (steel) easter egg decorated in Ukrainian tradition

    Badlands, Alberta has the Dinosaur Provincial Park, where fossils can be viewed

    XWA, in Montreal, Québec, was Canada's first radio station (1919). Its first scheduled broadcast was 20 May 1920. It is still in operation under the CFCF call letters.

    According the the Roman Catholic Church, St. Jean-de-Baptiste is the Patron Saint of Canada. His feast day is 24 June, which is also his birthday.

    St. Joseph's Oratory in Montreal, Québec is the tallest church in Canada, standing at 412 feet.

    The Anglican Church of Canada, The United Church of Canada, and the Roman Catholic Church are the three largest religious denominations in Canada.

    God's Country-a.k.a. Yukon Territory and Northern wilderness areas of Canada

    The world's first commercial oil well that was drilled (rather than being dug) was developed in 1947 in Leduc, Alberta (near Edmonton). Crude oil was discovered here in Feb 1947, and the well went dry in 1974.

    Canadian engineer Sir Sandford Fleming was the one who proposed an international system for determining local time. Called "Standard Time", it was adopted for use in 1884, five years after his proposal.

    Canada is divided into seven time zones-Newfoundland, Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Mountain, Pacific, and Yukon.

    The worldest richest silver vein was discovered in 1903 by Fred LaRose in Northern Ontario

    Front Page Challenge was the longest-running weekly entertainment show in Canada. It began in Summer 1957.

    Pickering, ON has the world's largest operating nuclear power-generating station

    Canada - the name is thought to be derived from the Huron-Iroquois "Kanata" meaning "village" or "settlement"

    Flags, Flowers and Emblems


    Our flag was adopted by Parliament 22 Oct 1964 and proclaimed by Queen Elizabeth II. Officially inaugurated 15 Feb 1965

    Royal Union Flag

    Canada's flag from 1600's-1965

    Population: 33,091,228

    Capital: Ottawa, Ontario (1867-present)
    Previous capital cities: 1841-1843 - Kingston, Canada West (Ontario); 1849-1865 Québec City, Québec and Toronto, Ontario (the capital alternated between these two cities every four years)

    A Mari usque ad Mare (From Sea to Sea)

    Coat of Arms granted by Royal Proclamation 21 Nov 1921

    Emblem used to commemorate the importance and popularity of beaver pelts in fur trading

    National Anthem - O Canada
    O Canada
    Our home and native land
    True patriot love in all thy sons command
    With glowing hearts we see thee rise
    The True North strong and free
    From far and wide, O Canada
    We stand on guard for thee
    God keep our land glorious and free
    O Canada, we stand on guard for thee
    O Canada, we stand on guard for thee

    Maple Leaf and Maple Tree

    Coat of ArmsEmblemBirdTartan
    Capital: Edmonton
    Population: 3,486,767

    Fortis Et Liber (strong and free)

    Wild Rose
    Great Horned Owl
    British Columbia
    Capital: Victoria
    Population: 4,402,931
    Pacific Dogwood
    Steller's Jay
    Capital: Winnipeg
    Population: 1,190,400

    Gloriosus et Liber (Glorious and Free)

    Prairie Crocus
    Great Gray Owl
    New Brunswick
    Capital: Fredericton
    Population: 750,851

    Spem Reduxit (Hope Restored)

    Purple Violet
    Black-Capped Chickadee
    Capital: St. John's
    Population: 507,475
    Pitcher Plant
    Atlantic Puffin
    North-West Territories
    Capital: Yellowknife
    Population: 42,425
    Mountain Avens
    Nova Scotia
    Capital: Halifax
    Population: 935,106

    One Defends And The Other Conquers

    Nunavut Territory
    Capital: Iqaluit
    Population: 31,127

    Nunavut Sanginivut (Nunavut, Our Strength)

    Purple Saxifrage
    Rock Ptarmigan
    Capital: Toronto
    Population: 12,850,636
    White Trillium
    Common Loon
    Prince Edward Island
    Capital: Charlottetown
    Population: 139,103
    Pink Lady's Slipper
    Blue Jay
    Capital: Québec City
    Population: 7,719,993

    Je me souviens

    The Blue Flag (Iris Versicolor)
    Snowy Owl
    Capital: Regina
    Population: 1,003,299

    Multis E Gentibus Vires (From Many Peoples Strength)

    Western Red Lily
    Sharp-tailed Grouse
    Yukon Territory
    Capital: Whitehorse
    Population: 31,115
    Purple Fireweed
    Common Raven

    Famous Firsts in Canadian History:

    First Farmers - Iroquoian-speaking peoples in the Great Lakes region. They grew maize, squash, beans, and tobacco.

    First Social Club in North America - Ordre de Bon Temps, established by Samuel de Champlain 1604/5

    Québec City is the only existing walled city in North America, as well as being the oldest city in North America. Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain. The building of the "wall" commenced 1701-1713, which gave the city the name "Gilbraltar of America".

    Standard Time was conceived and implemented by Canadian Sir Sandford Fleming (1827-1915) in 1879. It was finally adopted in 1883, and by 1885 Greenwich Mean Time was established and countries around the world began to use the system.

    First Vessel to cross the Atlantic Ocean wholly under steam power - Royal William, it was launched in 1831 at Cape Cove, Québec. Left Pictou 18 Aug 1833 for England (arriving 11 Sep 1833). It was also the first steamship to visit an American Port (Boston); The first steampowered warship to fire its guns in battle (1836) at San Sebastian (Spain?)

    Longest National Highway in the World - Trans-Canada Highway. Commenced 25 Apr 1950 and was officially opened 3 Sep 1962 even though it wasn't complete until 28 Jun 1965. It extends from St. John's, NF to Victoria, BC (7821 km)

    Longest Street in the World -- Yonge Street. Runs North & West from Toronto, ON. First segment of the street was completed in 1796 and was abt 55 km long. It now runs from Toronto to Rainy River at the ON/MN border and measures 1900.5 km long.

    First Oil Company in North America - International Petroleum & Mining Company of Hamilton, CW, founded by Charles Tripp 1854

    Oldest Newspaper in Canada - Halifax Gazette. First issued 23 Mar 1752 by John Bushell, the first King's Printer in Halifax.

    First entirely French Newspaper in North America - La Gazette de commerce et littéraire, Published by Fleury Mesplet in 1778. It lasted one year but made a comeback in 1785 as the Montreal Gazette. Now one of the oldest newspapers still in existence in North America.

    Free Mail -- Mail can be sent to the government (while in session) free of charge. It was adopted by Canada in 1875, and is also known as the Franking Privilege

    First Transatlantic Cable - From North America (Trinity Bay, NF) to Britain (Valentia, Ireland) 16 Aug 1858, it read "Europe and America are united by telegraph. Glory to God in the Highest, on earth peace, goodwill toward men." Canada was connected Coast-to-Coast 23 Jan 1885.

    First Long-Distance Telephone Call - 10 Aug 1876 between Brantford & Paris, ON (13 km)

    Tallest Freestanding Structure in the World - CN Tower. Building was completed in 1975, stands 1815 feet & 5 inches high

    Oldest English Day-Care Center in North America - Montreal Day Nursery, Established 1888 by a mother.

    Second National Atlas in the World - The Atlas of Canada, Published by the Department of the Interior of the Canadian government in 1906, was the first national atlas of Canada, and the 2nd national atlas in the world (after Finland)

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